PCOS or Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. The name of the condition comes from the appearance of the ovaries in most, but not all, women with the disorder- enlarged and containing numerous small cysts located along the outer edge of each ovary.

Infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods, excess hair growth, acne and obesity can all occur in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. The exact cause of PCOS is unknown. Early diagnosis and treatment may reduce the risk of long term complications, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Paying attention to the foods and their activity levels may help them offset the effects of PCOS:

1) Keep weight in check-

 Obesity makes insulin resistance worse. Weight loss can reduce both insulin and androgen levels, and may restore ovulation. No single specific dietary approach is best, but losing weight by reducing total calorie intake can benefit the overall health of women. Weight loss program is recommended

2) Consider dietary changes- 

Low fat, high carbohydrate diets may increase insulin levels, so consider a low carbs diet for patients. The patient should choose complex carbohydrates which are high in fiber. 

3) Be active-

 Exercise helps lower blood sugar levels. Patients with PCOS, increasing their daily activity and participating in a regular exercise program may treat or even prevent insulin resistance and help to keep their weight under control.

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